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Witnessing is what Justices of the Peace do most often. As the name suggests, you are witnessing a
person's signature and may also take an oath or declaration.
Witnessing most often involves documents such as; Affidavits,
Statutory Declarations, Advance Care Directives, and Powers of
A declaration is taken when administering a Statutory Declaration
and an oath/affirmation is taken when administering an Affidavit.
Each type of document has varying penalties for not telling the
truth in the document. These penalties depend upon which 'Act' the
Not all documents require a declaration/oath/affirmation but all documents do require the Justice
of the Peace to follow a set process when performing these duties.